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252                                  FLORA INDICA.                   \Papaveracea.
less thickened testa, which sometimes expands into a crest. In both genera the pla-
centae are describe^ as filiform and not projecting far into the cavity of the ovary;
hut in M. Nepalensis and others these almost meet in the axis, forming spurious dis-
sepiments. The hairs or sctte of the stem are simple, or branched and scabrid. The
stamens are described as extrorse by ISndlicher in Stylophorum, and lateral in Meco-
nojisis. Gray says that those of the former genus are slightly extrorse; in all our
species they are as nearly lateral as possible. The capsule is threc-valved to the base
in the American S. dipty/lum, Nutt., according to Gray, incompletely so according
to EttdUcher, whereas in all the Himalayan species the valves are free only at the
upper part of the capsule (as iii Papaver), and art quite confluent below.
The roots of some of the Himalayan species, are said to be virulent poisons.
§ 1. Scapigeri.
1. M. simplicifolia (H.f. et T.); patentira hispido-pilosa, setis
scapi decurvis, foliis omnibus radicalisms lanceolatis, scapo subsolitario
]-floro, capsula lineari-clavata.—Papaver simplicifolium, Don> Prodr.
196; WalL Cat. 8125!
HAB. In Himalaya alpina central! et oriental!: Nepal ad Gossain-
tlian, Wallicli! Sikkim, ait. 12-14,000 ped.!—(PL Mai. Jun.) (p. tf.)
Radix crassa, fusiformis, collo pilis fulvis dense barhato. Folia 2-6 unc. longa,
in petiolum laminse sequilongam angustata, acuta v. obtnsa, integerrima v. ranssime
utrinque 1-2-dentata, pilosa v. glabrata. Scqpi 1-3, robusti, pedales, fructiferi 2-
pcdales, pilis patentibns decurvisque hispidi, juniores hispido*tomentosi. jPfo* cer-
nuas, 2-8 unc. diarn., pulcherrimus, purpureo-cajruleus, Sqpala hispidissima, pilis
patulis. Fetal a late obovato-rotundata T. caneata. Stamina filamentis lineari-
subulatis; antheris liueari-obbngis. Ovarittm cylindricum; stylo crasso; stigmate
subgloboso. 5-7-lobo; lineis stigmaticis crassis, papilloso-tomeutosis. Capsula. 1-2-
pollicaris, lineari-clavata, patentim hispido-pilosa v. glabrata, stylo ^-pollicari; pla-
ccntis 5-8. Sevrina testa cellulosa; profunde cancellata.
One of tjhe most bOantiful and conspicuous plants in the alpine regions of Sikkim.
Don describes the anthers as spirally twisted, and the capsules as oblong, which is
hardly the lease in our specimens.
1 2. Mi horridnla (H.f. et T.); foliis lanceolatis scapisque setis
validis elongatis aculeatis, scapia plurimis unifloris, capsulis obovato-
HAB. In Himalaya orientali alpina: Sikkim, locis petrosis, alt*
14»,000-17,000 ped.—(FL Jun. Jul.) (v. v.)
Spithameca, ubique setis n'gidis patentibus pungentibus -J-^- unc. longis horrida.
Folia 3-5-p Uicaria, lanceolata, obtusa v. acuta, integernma v. sinuatp-dcutata.
Scapi 8-12, rigidi, inter dam basi coaliti, 4-8 unc. longi, virides v. glauci. Jlores
purpurei V. caeruleo-purpurascentes, 14 poll. lati. Sepaia setis aculeate. Pciala
4, late obovata, fioribus monstrosis plurima linearia. Stamina perplurima, antheris
subtortis. ^Stylus crassus. Capsula ^-1 poll, longa, setis patentibus ascendentibusve,
aculeata, lineari-obovata v. elliptico-oblonga, ranus late ovata, stylo i unc. longo,
stigmateque conico terminata. Semina % minora quam in prtccedonte, corva; testa
snbrneinbranacea, reticulata, cancellata,
A. very remariable and distinct-looking little species,, the smallest and most alpine
of the geaus, so acoleate that it cannot be conveniently gathered with the naked
land* It differs in size, the great acnlei on all its parts, the number of scapes, form
of petals and capsules, and seeds, from Jf. timplidfolia. On the other hand, though
so very dissimilar from M. aculeate in size and habit, we should not be surprised at
' its. proving a variety of that plant.